Lovro Kuhar, the writer whose pen name was Prežihov
Voranc, was born on the 10th of March 1893 to poor farmers in Kotlje, where he
also spent his childhood years.
Kuhar began publishing his stories in 1909 in the
Mir and Domači Prijatelj magazines. In 1914, he was enlisted in the Austrian
army but later escaped. He was sentenced for desertion in his absence, and he
was Italian captivity for two years, until the end of the war. He returned to
his home in 1919 and started working at the Ravne Steelworks factory. After a
few years, in 1925, he published his first literary work named Povesti (1925).
He was politically active and thus continually persecuted by authorities. From
1930 to 1939, Kuhar was a political emigrant, migrating from Vienna, Prague,
Berlin, Athens, and Bucharest to Klagenfurt. Meanwhile, he was imprisoned
several times and changed jobs often. During this time, he wrote some of his
most famous short stories (Boj na Požiralniku, Jirs in Bavh, Odpustki, and
others) and began writing his two great novels in prison, namely Požganica and
During World War II, specifically in 1943, Kuhar
was arrested in Ljubljana and put in prison in Tabor and Šempeter. He was later
relocated to Berlin and sent to the Sachsenhausen and Mauthausen concentration
camps. After the war, in 1945, he returned to his hometown. He published two
novels, a travel journal, and several short stories. He got to live to see
Solzice, his last work published in 1949.
Kuhar died in 1950 of exhaustion and illness, and
could therefore not live up to his full writing potential.