The Topla Valley is a picturesque alpine valley at the base of Mt. Peca in the Karavanke mountains, not far from the town of Črna na Koroškem. Because of its extraordinary cultural landscape, the preserved ethnological heritage and the presence of protected plant and animal varieties, the valley has been secured as a site of special natural interest and as a landscape park. The south-facing rocky slopes are abundant with numerous warmth-loving animals and plants, with such animal species as the mountain hare, the rock ptarmigan, and the black grouse. Sustainable forest management and the selective logging regime in the Topla Valley as well as the settlement of Koprivna maintain an extraordinarily dense wood grouse population. Unfertilised meadows and pastures along the Topla Stream, at the bottom of the valley, are an important habitat for butterflies, whereas in the Burjak Marsh, many endangered plants find their last refuge. The ones that stand out the most for their beauty are the rose-coloured inflorescences of wild orchids.

Koroška's Typical Architectural Features

Five old preserved farmhouses, resembling a hamlet, have been shaping the typical cultural landscape for centuries, with each having a typical settlement pattern of a solitary farm. These are the Burjak, Florin, Kordež, Fajmut, and Končnik farmhouses. All the farmhouses and granaries are characterised by extraordinary architectural features.

The farmhouses are recognised by the traditional wood and stone construction, as well as their shingle roofs (called "šitl" or "šikl"). The farmhouses are typical examples of rural alpine architecture, with traces of an older type of smoke room, which had been prevalent in this area from the 16th until the 19th century, when houses with open-hearth kitchens, or "black kitchens" started replacing them.