Explore the picturesque landscape of the mighty forests and nature’s marvels in the area of the UNESCO Karavanke Geopark, green Pohorje and the Drava River valley. Experience adrenaline by bike or on foot – with the most beautiful views from the mountains or deep in the Peca underground. Feel the freedom of the mountain peaks and experience joy on the snow-covered plains. Indulge in relaxed conversations with locals, try the Koroška delicacies and explore the legacy of the past. Pristine and undiscovered. This is Koroška – full of surprises
Feel the power of the extensive forests of Pohorje, which hold the promise of a lovely shadow during the summer heat or the embrace of a snow cover in a winter fairy tale. Together with the remarkable images of nature, there are opportunities for outdoor activities at every step. Enthusiasts of any other surface than concrete can take their mountain bikes out on diverse forest trails. The thick web of forest trails and cart tracks is not the only thing Pohorje can offer, as it also boasts numerous high marshes and plains, streams with waterfalls and other natural pearls. Among others, the Sgerm Spruce (Sgermova smreka) – the tallest tree in Central Europe. Discover them and enjoy! You can explore the paths on foot on longer or shorter hikes. Kope and Ribniško Pohorje are larger tourist centres on this side of Pohorje offering activities in all seasons. Definitely the right place for all enthusiasts of skiing experiences with their many ski slopes.
The Sgerm Spruce (Sgermova smreka) in Ribniško Pohorje or at Zgornja Orlica is considered the tallest tree in the entire Central Europe. It is an incredible specimen of natural heritage with its 61.8 metres of height and 113 centimetres in diameter. The spruce is more than 300 years old.
Mostly coniferous forest covers more than 70% of the land. While exploring, you will encounter forests and plains – grasslands stretching out on the plateaus. They are the remains of pastures and meadows that were created by deforestation. And these areas are being once again overgrown, since their use is becoming obsolete. These acidic Pohorje grasslands are home to the matgrass, as well as arnica and orchids. In the steeper areas, the plains blend with heather, blueberries and cranberries. The Pohorje forests, meadows and marshes are home to game, many bird species (wild chicken, owls, birds of prey, woodpeckers), as well as butterflies, bugs, amphibians and other animal species.
Taking a walk to the peat bogs is a very special experience on its own. It is best to visit the Ribniško Jezero and the Lovrenška Jezera lakes by foot. The walk on wooden paths or brunče will open up many natural peculiarities and you can rest your eyes on the diverse images of nature.
Pohorje with its natural landscape characteristics forms a unique Alpine environment. About 2/5 of Pohorje is part of the European Natura 2000 area, whose main objective is to preserve the biotic diversity for future generations.
Learn about the development of Pohorje through time in the multimedia presentation and through their exhibition. The Kope Centre also offers visits to the herbal centre. The facility also includes a conference hall, a catering facility and shops with local products.
Geological past of the land
Pohorje consists of magmatic and metamorphic rocks of different ages: the metamorphic rocks are much older, yet their age is difficult to assess, since they underwent a number of metamorphoses. The oldest rocks in the Pohorje region (as well as the entire Slovenia) are about 500 million years old. The magmatic rocks are much younger; they were created about 18 to 16 million years ago. The core of the Pohorje massif is made from magmatic rocks. The prominent one is granodiorite, which gradually transforms into porphyritic granodiorite (the general public refers to the granodiorite as granite or tonalite, and the porphyritic granodiorite as dacite) in the direction of the Northwest. In Cezlak, you can find the autochthonous Slovenian rock “čizlakit”. The metamorphic rocks envelop the magmatic rocks and are represented by augen gneiss, blestnik, amphibolite, eclogite, marble, quartzite and serpentinite, which extend mostly in the Southeast part of Pohorje. The Northwest Pohorje is made from phyllitic schist with the inserts of diabase and marbled limestone, flint and sericite phyllite with inserts of marble and quartzite, granite blestnik with transitions to gneiss and sedimentary rocks; light grey to red limestones, conglomerate, sandstone and lapor.
The porphyritic granodiorite (dacite) was created by the magma, which solidified on the surface. The hot magma and the local metamorphic rocks created new metamorphic rocks with their contact and a sudden increase in temperature: “skarn”. And in the area where dacite and skarn connect, iron ore was created. Iron ore was excavated under Mala Kopa and the Mislinja Ditch in the 18th century. The most important mining mineral was the magnetite, while the skarns hold the largest findings of garnet minerals in Slovenia. The Kope Centre presents the rocks and minerals of Pohorje.
The Pohorje metamorphic rocks are intertwined with numerous flint veins, which can be up to one metre wide. The Pohorje flint was once used as a raw material for glass, and in the simple glassworks – glažutas – they melted flint more than three centuries ago. The Pohorje glassware travelled all around Europe. Granodiorite is an important natural rock, which was used mostly for paving the streets and markets, and today it is used for building overlays, as well as manufacturing kerbs and monuments. In Josipdol, the Museum of Stonecutting, Glassmaking and Forestry of the Koroška Regional Museum presents the traditions of stonecutting, glassmaking and forestry.
We invite you to »take a walk« on the map of the Koroška region.
Taste Koroška and experience its hospitality.
Choose from different accommodation types in the Koroška region, which all share common homeliness.
Nature’s treasures and the heritage of the past – breathtaking and inspirational. Welcome to Koroška where you can enjoy cycling and hiking experiences in the hills and valleys, explore the mysteries of the Peca underworld, and experience the river on a raft. Koroška invites you to a date with nature where you can explore the past in a creative way, every day of the year.
The labyrinth of forest roads and cart tracks leads you up and down the mountain, into the valleys and between them. Among the forests and meadows with their wonderful views there are regulated paths intended for extreme or more recreational cycling. They are best tackled with “all-mountain” or “enduro” bikes.
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